The book of Ecclesiastes communicates the truth that the source of true joy and satisfaction is in God alone. Solomon was on a search for his ultimate purpose in life. Ecclesiastes describes what a life lived apart from God looks like by examining “life under the sun.” This is life without considering God.
Solomon explains his journey through life and the relative value of pleasure, work, wisdom, intellect, activity, and wealth. In short, the book of Ecclesiastes records Solomon’s search for meaning and significance.